Today’s Colonial Arabians

The Arabian type remained unchanged from around 1800 B.C. to the 1900s A.D. For the first three millennia of its existence, the Arabian was a war horse, and this dictated the type. The Australian Colonial Arabian is descended from the early imports in which desert breeding was prevalent, often via the Blunts, with the notable addition of the famous endurance Shahzada.* The Colonials were originally bred at the early Australian studs of Sir James Penn Boucaut, Winter-Cooke, Samuel Brown, Mr A.E. Grace, and Jos Jelbart, and the early College studs which used Sala* and Razaz* over the Jelbart mares. These people were selecting on the basis of ability under saddle.

It is thus no surprise that the Colonial Arabian is best known for its success in the endurance field, and as a saddle horse in general. From Shalawi, the winner of the first Quilty, to Toft’s Electra BBP Murdoch, Colonial bred horses have distinguished themselves in endurance.

The Colonials have long earned their living as working horses. Les Ellery of Cudglebar Stud once rode a mare by Jedran (by Prince Nejd by Shahzada*) to catch an unhandled mare. They had to run the unhandled mare until she was exhausted, and then immediately had to run down a Thoroughbred until she was exhausted and lay down. In those days when unhandled horses commonly ran on large properties, this was often the only method of catching a horse. The Jedran mare responded every time and never had a whip or spur on her. She repeatedly was used to drive mobs of horses to the Orange sales from Blayney. The distance of 25 miles was ridden at the gallop, as the horses were unhandled and from various properties.

The Colonials carried the bloodlines of Belka, who defeated Shahzada* in a 300 mile Endurance test, and whose son Bendigo placed fifth in the Newmarket Town Plate of 4 ½ miles, carrying 12 stone, against 8 Thoroughbreds. His rider remarked that he would have won easily had the race continued another lap! Shahzada* himself won 100, 300, and 500 Mile Endurance tests in England, as well as flat races against Thoroughbreds. Les Ellery of Cudglebar Stud raced part Arabians against Thoroughbreds in picnic races, and at one time raced a Shahzada* grand-daughter which was so fast that he had to give a half-furlong start to the rest of the field before she was allowed to start.

Belka also appeared in the breeding of College sire Sala*. Sala*’s grand-dam was by Rasim, a World War 1 charger and sire of race winners. Figuring also in his pedigree were Mahruss, the sire of Crabbett, who won the U.S. Army Endurance test of 300 miles over concrete roads in just over 49 hours, and Nadir, Champion Polo Pony Sire at Tunbridge Wells (UK) in 1913 and at Islington (UK) in 1911, 1913 and 1915.

Sala* took out Supreme Champion at Sydney Royal in 1949. His show progeny and grand-progeny include Royal Show Champions and placegetters Thalia, Delos, Lysander, Thestius, Helicon, Callisto, Calliope, Clio, Lavinia, Erato, Wagga Allora, Omar, Zarife (exp), Argus, Titanic, Wagga Deakin, Ptolemy, Minotaur, Solimin, Demeter, Pandora, Hemera, Megan, Ino, Venus, Avele, and Olympus. Yet it is in the endurance field that Sala* is most remembered. Glenallan Solomon, who won 3 Quilty Gold Cups, was by Diabolo who has a close double cross to Sala* being by the Sala* grandson Delos and out of the Sala* daughter Leander. Delos stood three times Supreme Champion at Sydney Royal. The above mentioned Omar (by Sala*) was the first Arabian stallion to be classified as an Australian Stock Horse. His full sister features in the pedigree of good endurance horse Mindari Nadji’s Magic.

Sala’s close endurance descendants include distance horse Deakin Blue, Carthage, Springmead Electra, Ralvon Aeneas, Faraway Bundara, Glenallen Katyanna, Wongaburra Stranger, Wongaburra Matador (also sire of winners), Digger, Our Sharie (2nd Quilty, Best Conditioned), Robbie (1981 Quilty winner), Noddy (1975 Quilty winner, in then record time), Talisman Gamin (a triple Sala* cross) (9th 1988 National Pointscore Horse, Northern Rivers Zone Pointscore and Distance Horse), Cudglebar Kasr, Cudglebar Gadara, Cudglebar Surab, Warren Hill’s Golden Sabre (Line Honours Sydney to Melbourne 500 Mile “Bite the Bullet” Ride), El Benjamin, own son of Sala*, and grandsire of current good endurance horse Cherox Jaifina, 5th National Lightweight Pointscore Horse 2003, equal 9th National Distance Horse 2003. In another field, Merrifield Zia, a top dressage horse of the 80s, was Sala* bred.

The winner of the first Quilty, Shalawi, was out of the Rakib* mare Helawi. Helawi’s dam Carlina* has produced a noted endurance line. She was closely related to Sala*, as they shared same grand-dam on the female line, and were by half-brothers-in-blood. Both Carlina* and Sala* were bred by Lady Yule’s Hanstead Stud.

Psyche, a Sala* grand-daughter, gained three Quilty buckles, including one when she was four months in foal as well as one fourth placing. She was a successful show mare, as well as being the dam of Rami Sash and Musgrave Clark Sash winners. She was the grand-dam of Ralvon Aeneas, whose remarkable achievements are listed below. Our Sharie, a grand-daughter of Sala*, placed second Open in the 1989 Quilty and was awarded Best Conditioned. Sadly, the Sala* lines have all but died out in the pure colonials, these days appearing far back in the pedigree, with the exception of his son Helicon who continues through the Cudglebar lines. However, his lines too are now diluted.

Kataf* is another stallion who figured prominently in the Colonial bloodlines but is rare today. His sire Outlaw was desert-bred and imported to England by Colonel J. Cookson of Essex. He stood Reserve Champion to Sainfoin in the 1927 London Show, and won his ridden class. The following year he was again Reserve to Sainfoin. In 1929 at the age of 13 years, Outlaw placed third in the Arab Stakes race of 1 ½ miles, and the following year won the race. His son Kataf* won the London Show Challenge Cup for best Arab colt in 1929 and 1930, as well as winning his age class which in those days included the fillies. After a successful show career he was exported to Australia in 1935 to breed to the Jelbart mares.

The Sydney Royal show record of horses of Kataf*’s breeding is most impressive. His daughters Fara from Salome, Falka from Rifa, and Kataf’s Lass from Judith won Champion awards in 1950, 1951, and 1953 respectively. Her daughter Europa was also a top show mare. Jo Hamilton-Branigan’s good endurance horse Fireaway was of this line. The celebrated show mare Thalia was a grand-daughter of Kataf*, being by Sala* from the Kataf* mare Ghazal. Kataf* was also the grandsire of Babylon (sire of great show mares Athena, Iolanthe, and Idol, Idol (from the Sala* mare Hemera) being Champion Mare at Sydney Royal in 1968, and stallions Carthage, Prometheus, Diomedes, Ganymede (sire of Gordon Hobday’s prolific endurance winner Oonoomba Leo), Helicon (sire of good Heavyweight Horse Cudglebar Nur ed Dam [sire of 1999 NSW Distance Horse Hyksos Sabok]; Cudglebar Kilbride, State Championship Lightweight winner and Best Conditioned 1989; and Cudglebar Vered Haligal, multiple Heavyweight winner, also Middleweight winner, 8th Qld Heavyweight Horse 1992), Deucalion, Konrad (sire of former top Junior horse Konrad Klo; grandsire of Hyksos Sabok), and Thestius. The most renowned Kataf* great grand-daughter was the pure Colonial Hestia, who produced Aethon, winner of five Championships at halter at the Sydney Royal Show. Hestia also produced Ptolemy, who one year stood Junior Champion at Sydney Royal while Aethon stood Senior Champion, and not surprisingly, Hestia won the Dam’s Progeny Group. Hestia herself had been shown twice at Sydney Royal with success. She had been broken in while at Wagga College and had proven a fine saddle mare with an exceptional walk. 1991 Quilty winner Tantawangalo Hamal Zahab had a close double cross to Hestia, as well as 18 crosses to Shahzada. Hestia’s grand-daughter Abbeline Rebecca was a good endurance mare whose wins included Shahzada 400k. Today Hestia’s bloodlines are found in the Colonial Source horses at Mindari Stud, whose principal Sandy Hatton linebreeds to Hestia, and at Allira Park, which linebreeds to her son Aethon.

Other Colonials did well in the show ring . The beautiful Sala* mare Hemera produced Idol, twice Sydney Royal Winner and Champion mare once, Megan, twice Sydney royal winner, and Titanic,  Musgrave Clark sash winner. Sydney Royal Champion Desert Queen was out of the pure Colonial mare Queen of Sheba, influential in the Cudglebar lines through her son Sultan (sire of Cudglebar Mameluke). Desert Queen’s celebrated sire, Banderol, was also out of a pure Colonial mare, Badoura (Rakib* x Barada II). The Bahri (Rakib* x Barada II) grandson Talisman Rose Bahri dominated the western show classes from 1983-1987. He was Champion Western horse at the national Stud Show in 1983, and Champion Bridle Path Hack in 1991. and at the Australian Championships was Top 10 Ridden Stallion in 1984, Champion Western pleasure in 1985, Champion Bridle Path Hack from 115 entries in 1986, and Champion Western pleasure in 1987.

The above results are remarkable considering the pure Colonials have been in short supply for some decades. In 1991, only 86 pure Colonials were alive. Of those, 10 were actively competing in Endurance. Today there are only 98 pure Colonials.

Les Ellery has bred numerous highly successful endurance horses at his Cudglebar stud. They include Cudgelbar Drifter (UAE), National Endurance Horse,  Cudglebar Kasr, 1995 Heavyweight winner Winton to Longreach Stockman’s Hall of Fame Ride, Cudglebar Gadara, Cudglebar Sekh, Cudglebar Shushan, Cudglebar Rijmet, Cudglebar Kilbride, Cudglebar Rafyk, Cudglebar Nur ed Dam, Cudglebar Vered Haligal, and Cudglebar Ayesha to name but a few.

The Junior winner of the 2002 Quilty was Christmas Cracker (registered name), who competed under the name “Stanpark Speed”. She was exported to UAE after winning Junior Div. at the Quilty. She was bred by long-time Colonial breeder Tracey Higgins and is by the pure Colonial Cudglebar Es Sahra, out of the Malik mare Talisman Sharaftina, whose pony dam Miss Three was a grand-daughter of Prince Nejd (by Shahzada*). Sharaftina was also the dam of Virginia Dodson’s Talisman Beau Monde whose successes included a Lightweight win in the 1988 NSW State Championships, and of former good endurance horse Talisman Guardsman.

Other Colonials spend their life working stock for a living and have no time to compete. One of these is pure Colonial stallion Cudglebar Caleb. (Photo at right by Sharon Meyers.) Some years ago cattle station manager John Heffernan visited Hyksos Stud just for a look, with no intention of buying anything. I put him on a stallion wearing a halter, and went out for a ride with him – I rode another stallion (Cudglebar Rasuli) also only wearing a halter. When I suggested we go for a gallop, John’s face went pale, but Caleb stopped politely when asked. John exclaimed, “I’m buying this horse!” That was over 10 years ago, and Caleb has worked cattle for a living ever since. He is a one-person horse, and fixes others who would consider riding him with such a glare, that they change their minds! He also takes exception to anyone other than John feeding him, and has been known to throw hay back at anyone else who mistakenly thinks they are worthy to feed him.

In late 2003, several pure Colonial mares were exported to Karen and John Harrington’s K.D. Stud in New Zealand. They were selected to breed to their pure colonial stallion Cudglebar Rasuli*. He was my favourite horse and I was very sad to part with him, but other considerations demanded his sale. I exported him in 2000. Here’s a pic of him being hugged by my then 8 y.o. son Rowan, just prior to his export to N.Z. (Rasuli was exported, not Rowan!) The mares are Fahlana ( a Helicon grand daughter), Cudglebar Buralga ( a full sister to my colt Cudglebar Sultan and daughter of my mare Cudglebar Jasmine) , Hyksos Trysting, Hyksos Nysa, and the Colonial Source filly Selkirk Isabella (Hyksos Codex x Hyksos Trysting*). The 2 y.o. pure Colonial filly Montville Arielle (a full sister to colt Hyksos Arkhon) was exported to the stud in March 2004, followed by pure Colonial mare Hyksos Red Rum who had been left in Australia to be bred to Cudglebar Caleb. See photo of her with resultant filly at right. Rasuli was a swift Arabian racehorse, winning races on AJC tracks (in NSW) by over 30 lengths. In Australia he has left his pure Colonial son, Hyksos Benjamin, who stands at Splitters Creek Stud, a daughter who has just started endurance owned by Splitters Creek Stud, and two daughters at Hyksos Stud.

Alison Bradshaw’s Hyksos Sabok, a long-time endurance competitor, has proven to be the best performing pure Colonial endurance horse of the present day, being 1999 NSW Distance Horse of the Year, 3rd 1999 National Distance, and has clocked up many kilometres. Sabok is the sire of good endurance horse Bradi Aseef who placed 3rd and Best Conditioned at the 110km Trans Tasman FEI in 2005, and endurance winner Hyksos Katana who competes under the name Ramalea Katana. Sabok is by Heavyweight Yellow Book Endurance horse Cudglebar Nur ed Dam (who often competed with a 110 kg rider), who was by Hyksos foundation stallion Helicon (Sala* x Mira by Kataf* x Melika). Melika was the dam of Tarfa II, in turn the dam of Akbar, both of whom are well known in the Cherokee endurance lines. Cherokee Royal Sarong is the grand-dam of Quilty winner and noteworthy endurance sire Chip Chase Sadaqa. Cherokee Royal Sarong was by Akbar (Silwan* x Tarfa II) from Princess Royal, whose dam was the pure Colonial Mutrif. Mutrif was the dam of Arim and Royaljan, and was a full sister to Malik, both being by Rakib* and out of full sisters. Malik is the sire of the dam of Cudglebar Es Sahra, who has sired numerous good endurance horses. Es Sahra’s sire, El Katif, sired 1980 National Horse of the Year, Logie Brae Hassan, Stockman’s Hall of Fame Heavyweight winner Cudglebar Kasr, and Warren Hill’s Golden Sabre.

Helicon’s full sister Calliope was the grand-dam of  Merridax, sire of Warwick Sinfield’s Werriwa Jasmine whose record for 1989 was impressive: NSW Pointscore Horse, 2nd National Pointscore Horse  3rd NSW Distance Horse, 4th National Distance Horse, 3rd NSW One Horse/One Rider. Helicon’s full brother Thestius was the sire of Supreme Roll of Merit Arabesque Viscount +s, who four days after completing an 80 km Endurance Ride was awarded Champion Led Galloway Stallion at Melbourne Royal in 1985. Thestius also sired the 1980s endurance winners Casanova and Nikki. Helicon’s full sister Calliope was the dam of Royal Champion at halter Callaza who also competed successfully in endurance in Tasmania. Helicon’s sister Clio was the dam of Razanna, who placed Top Ten in the Quilty. Helicon’s full sister in blood, Minerva, was the dam of Psyche who had four Quilty buckles and was the grand-dam of Ralvon Aeneas (mentioned below). Apart from siring the Heavyweight horse Cudglebar Nur ed Dam (sire of 1999 NSW Distance Horse and 3rd National Hyksos Sabok), Helicon sired Heavyweight winner Cudglebar Vered Haligal and 1989 NSW State Championship Lightweight winner Cudglebar Kilbride. Helicon also was the sire of Cudglebar Robin, a successful endurance horse who competed carrying 24% of her own weight. Helicon himself was a 7/8 brother to Ganymede, the sire of Gordon Hobday’s prolific endurance winner Oonoomba Leo who also placed 2nd in the 1981 Quilty. Helicon was also a 7/8 brother to Arcadian, the sire of many top endurance horses, and sire of Credit, sire of Peter Toft’s BBP Electra Murdoch.

Julia Green’s pure Colonial mare Cudglebar Mujeor, Kikkuli Experiment mare as a 3 y.o. (and with amazing V02 max tests) and Helicon grand-daughter (out of Cudglebar Kaffiyah), was also a top performing endurance horse, completing over 3,000 km and placing 20th MW Quilty with the Lowest Heartrates. Kaffiyah is also the dam of Leshal Ikon, Carol Layton’s qualified barefoot endurance stallion, of endurance winner Hyksos Kadesh (exp. Malaysia), and of Hyksos broodmare Spirit of Fiyah who is a 3/4 sister to Ikon.

Pure Colonial mare Hyksos Katana, who competes under the name “Ramalea Katana”, has won both Middleweight and Junior divisions in endurance. She is currently campaigned by Junior rider Kimberly Brown. Katana is by Hyksos Sabok, a Helicon grandson, from Cudglebar Riena, a Helicon grand-daughter.

Jo Hamilton-Branigan has two young Colonial Source derivatives by Cudglebar Paleface (Cudglebar Manak x Cudglebar Nedjmieh who was first handled at 8 y.o., soon after did the Kikkuli Experiment then raced once for a third over 1200 m) from her well-performed endurance mare Charabal Amarita whose breeding traces to Deryabar. New colt for Hyksos, pure Colonial colt Cudglebar Sultan, is a 3/4 brother to Paleface.  Jo also owns a half share in pure Colonial colt Hyksos Arkhon who is a future sire for Kholonial and Hyksos studs. Nedjmieh is the dam of the well performed (Pure Colonial but unregistered) endurance mare Stanpark Mystery. Hyksos broodmare Cudglebar Jasmine is a half sister to Cudglebar Nejdmieh.

In early 2004, I put the suggestion to the Colonial enthusiasts to recognise “Colonial Source” horses, those whose breeding is at least 25% Colonial. My intent was to preserve the bloodlines of good horses who are not pure Colonial. I was particularly concerned about the loss of the College lines and various other rare lines which do not exist today in the pure Colonials. An example of an outstanding Colonial Source horse is Pathaania (exp. UAE), by Pathan (Aethon x Shalamar who was bred by Cudglebar but prior to the time of the prefix). Shalamar is the dam of Mindari Quilty Queen as well as Chris Malone’s Sarchedon, who won the 1994 Quilty and was Best Conditioned. Shalamar was also the grand-dam of well performed endurance mare Liana, equal winner of the Junior division of the 1988 Quilty. Pathan’s sire Aethon (out of the Colonial mare Hestia by Jedran) is in turn the sire of Ralvon Aeneas, the first stallion to exceed 1,000, 2,000, and 3,000 km respectively in Endurance. Aeneas earned 5 Tom Quilty 100 mile Buckles without a single vetout, and is one  of only 6 horses to hold 5 or more Quilty buckles. He has sired 8 National and State Top Ten Endurance Horses with 10 individual Division Winners from 17 Yellow Logbook progeny. His stablemate, the pure colonial Titanic (Razaz* x Hemera by Sala*) sired endurance winners Hawkesbury Albaroque and Hawkesbury Bilawa, as well as multi-champion halter mare Logie Brae Desert Gold, whose dam was pure colonial Cudglebar Pandora’s Pride, a 3/4 sister to Cudglebar Ayesha (in turn grand dam of Stanfields’ Cudglebar Paleface, placed Heavyweight and sire of good endurance winners).

Aeneas’ dam was the pure Colonial Caprice, a Quilty buckle holder, whose dam was Psyche (Razaz* x Minerva by Sala* x Fara by Kataf* x Salome by the Shahzada* son Ishmael).  Psyche was an outstanding mare, winning Three Quilty 100 Mile Buckles as well as placing 4th Open in 1971. Caprice was by Centaur, whose lines figure prominently in today’s Colonials. Centaur was the grandsire of Cudglebar Mameluke, former prolific stud sire for Les Ellery. Centaur was the sire of as Persian Lyric, whose lines also exist today in the Cudglebars. His breeding in the Colonial Source horses is to be found in abundance at Mindari Stud, not only through his daughter Caprice, but also through his daughter Eve, grand-dam of Nadjira, producer of Mindari Nadji’s Magic, Mindari Taman, and Mindari Aenadjira. Centaur himself was by Genghis Khan (Shahzada* x Miriam) out of Cazada  (Sirdar* x Mecca II), thus he was by a Shahzada* son out of a Shahzada* grand-daughter. Centaur was a full brother to Sibyl, granddam of Wayne Parker’s Sham, a good endurance winner of the 70s.

Aeneas’ best known daughters currently competing on the endurance circuit are Mindari Nadji’s Magic and Mindari Quilty Queen. In  2001 Mindari Nadji’s Magic was National Top Five Pointscore, and in 2002 won the NSW One Horse/One Rider as well as 10th NSW Heavyweight. In 2003 she successfully completed  both the Quilty and Shahzada 400 k Ride. In 2003 Magic won National Heavyweight Distance and was second National Heavyweight Pointscore Horse. In the 2003 State Titles, Magic won the Heavyweight, Distance, and One Horse/One Rider. She and her rider Raelene French won all five State Heavyweight titles including Heavyweight Rider and 1st Distance Rider. Mindari Quilty Queen was 5th NSW Distance Lightweight in 2002, and was 10th National Distance Lightweight in 2003.

The Aeneas son Mindari Aenzac won the Dubai World Cup.  In January 2004, Sheikh Hazza on Mindari Aenzac won the 120 km second round of the $1.5 million Triple Crown Series at the Dubai Endurance City.  Mindari Aenzac’s dam Mindari Wingadee (again by Aeneas and out of Nadjira) is a full sister to Mindari Nadji’s Magic.

The tail female line of the above mentioned Pathaania (UAE) is the pure Colonial Atalanta (Zadaran x Salama). Atalanta was also the dam of Scimitar Quicksilver, himself a good endurance horse and sire of 1989 National Pointscore Horse, Faraway Bundara (whose dam was closely Shahzada and Sala bred), and Dick Collyer’s Scimitar Shareef. Zadaran is also the sire of Shenandoah Carmen, 1978 National Pointscore Horse. Kalkadoon Performance Arabians have retained Pathaania’s son Kalkadoon Pinjarra who has just began his endurance career. He is by Maf-Ue Sultan (Aethon x Whirlwind by Malik x Shalamar). Kalkadoon have another Maf-Ue Sultan son, the young Kalkadoon Safari. His dam is by Wagga Ambassador (Wagga Count Charles x Decibel by Delos) whose dam Siranna, was by Aethon from the Sala* mare Siren.  Siren had 13 foals, including Shahlea, the dam of well-performed endurance horses Tribal and Grey Legend, and Surani, the dam of good endurance horse Revenden Shikari. Kalkadoon Safari is a valuable source of the old College lines, which are quickly dying out.

A noted pure Colonial endurance sire of College lines was the Prometheus (Genghis Khan x Kassie by Kataf*) son Arcadian, the sire of 1981 Quilty winner Robbie. Arcadian’s dam was the Sala* mare Pallas whose dam Fara was by Kataf* x Salome, a Shahzada* grand-daughter. From 1979-1989, Arcadian progeny and grand-progeny won 66 rides in Open or Heavyweight division, placed 2nd 22 times, 3rd 14 times, and finished another 29 rides.
Endurance horses by Arcadian (who died 18th March 1982) include General (11 wins including two 100 miler Rides, 1985 Tasmanian Pointscore Horse), Tina (Heavyweight Winner in 1987 Quilty), Badger (37 rides, first Tasmanian horse to reach 3,000 km, winner 4 Tasmanian Distance Horse Awards 85, 86, 88, 89, Tasmanian Pointscore Horse 1986, 7th National Distance Horse 1988), Bundy (won 11 Rides, 1989 Tasmanian Middleweight Pointscore horse), Roblin Tara (2 Middleweight wins, 5 Lightweight wins), Major (2 Heavyweight wins, 3 Lightweight wins) as well as Pattimah, Tandara, Sasha, Arcadian Blue, Mishka, and Swift. The last foal by Acadian was Heavyweight winner Laurjil Osca. His dam was Godiva (Babylon by Razaz* x Alaga Girl, from Ino by Sala* x Kassie by Kataf*).
Arcadian’s grand-progeny included  Trump (12 wins, National Junior Distance Horse 1988), Moonshine (6 Open wins), as well as the well-performed Tammy, Grey Power, and Arcacia. Arcadian’s son Credit (out of Semily) has several stock currently competing in endurance. His Appaloosa son, Electra BBP Murdoch, won equal first Heavyweight and Best Conditioned at the 2003 Quilty, then went on to be placed fourth in the 2003 Tevis Cup. Credit’s dam Semily was by Sareek Ibn Rizza (UK) whose dam was Rizza. Her grand-dam dam was the Shahzada* mare Rizada (also known as the grand-dam of Scherzade*). Credit also sired the good endurance horse Glenheathyen Kassie.
Castlebar Treaty is mostly Colonial and boasts the sought-after College lines which too quickly are becoming rare. He is by Tribal (Poldark x Shahlea) out of Lynbrook Tamsin (Glenallan Solomon x Wagga Belmay). Glenallen Solomon won the Quilty three times and is double Sala* bred. Shahlea’s dam was the Sala* mare Siren, and Wagga Belmay was a full sister to Pukwana (Delos x Europa by Razaz* x Kataf’s Lass) the dam of El Benjamin (by Sala*). In the days when 25 -35 MILE Rides were competitive, El Benjamin won, among others, the Newcastle 35 Mile Ride in 1 hour 50 mins and was Best Conditioned.  Wagga Belmay was a foundation mare for Castlebar Stud.
Another Colonial Source and former WEG team horse is purebred Castlebar Macleod. McLeod also placed equal first at the 2003 Quilty. He is by Seraja (Pathan x Serenity) out of Celina (Aethon x Loleta), again very high percentage Colonial with the rarer College lines. Pathan’s full sister Serenata is the dam of above-mentioned Mindari Quilty Queen. Pathan and Serenata’s dam is the intensely Shahzada* lines Shalamar (Darik x Midi), bred by Cudglebar. Loleta was also the dam of Santiago (by Nemo, a son of Malik and Shalamar). Loleta was by Baz (Rakib* x Barada II) from the Sala* mare Leto. Santiago’s lines are found today in Catherine McAlpine’s pure Colonial stallion Hyksos Benjamin as well as in three Hyksos mares and their progeny at the K.D. Stud in New Zealand.
One of the other members of the WEG team, Talisman Tobias is a reg. partbred by the pure Colonial Beau Bahri (Bahri x Viola) out of an unregistered mare. Beau Bahri is a known endurance sire, with good horses such as Talisman Gamin and Talisman Beau Monde. Jonah (imp NZ) is an unregistered Anglo by the Colonial Source Jesmond Kamahl (Khotan x Araleigh Tinkle). Araleigh Tinkle is a Colonial by Khamal (Shereef x Gypsy Maid) x Araleigh Tinkerbell by Claudius (Sala* x Hestia) x Tasmin who was by Meladdin (Aladdin x Melika, the grand-dam of Helicon) x Semna (Kataf* x Caswa). Another member of the team, the purebred Bremervale Justice, (VF Rave* x Bremervale Katische) only just misses out on being Colonial Source.
In the last seventy years, the means of selection of the Arabian horse has changed. In The Encyclopaedia of Sport, 1900, Wilfred Scawen Blunt wrote that the “single object” for which the Arabian was bred by the Bedouin is “service in their wars”. He continued, “For this their qualities necessary are great powers of endurance, the capacity to make long marches of 300 or 400 miles without flagging, an extreme sobriety in the matter of food or drink, and a sufficient turn of speed at the end of the raid to overtake the enemy or elude pursuit.” Today, the Colonial Arabian, above all others, is still selected for strength, stamina, and working ability.